A multidimensional measurement of the integration between European border regions

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Cross-border integration in Europe is a complex and multifaceted process, which has contrasted impacts on border regions. In order to contribute to better depict it, this paper provides, with the help of statistical indicators, a systematic and multidimensional analysis of cross-border integration along all the EU internal borders. It highlights the similarities and discrepancies that can be observed between the different European regions with regards to the intensity of cross-border practices (the functional dimension of cross-border integration), the level of mutual social trust between border populations (the ideational dimension), and the involvement of stakeholders in cross-border cooperation projects (the institutional dimension). The different patterns that emerge from this analysis show that there can be no unique cross-border cooperation strategy at the EU scale to accompany the dismantlement of EU internal borders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-178
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of European Integration
Issue number2
Early online date5 Sep 2019
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2020


  • cross-border integration
  • border region
  • perceptions
  • cross-border cooperation
  • Europe

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