A user-operator assignment game with heterogeneous user groups for empirical evaluation of a microtransit service in Luxembourg

Tai-Yu Ma, Joseph Y. J. Chow, Sylvain Klein, Ziyi Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We tackle the problem of evaluating the impact of different operation policies on the performance of a microtransit service. This study is the first empirical application using the stable matching modelling framework to evaluate different operation cost allocation and pricing mechanisms on microtransit service. We extend the deterministic stable matching model to a stochastic reliability-based one to consider user’s heterogeneous perceptions of utility on the service routes. The proposed model is applied to the evaluation of Kussbus microtransit service in Luxembourg. We found that the current Kussbus operation is not a stable outcome. By reducing their route operating costs of 50%, it is expected to increase the ridership of 10%. If Kussbus can reduce in-vehicle travel time on their own by 20%, they can significantly increase profit several folds from the baseline.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)946-973
Number of pages28
JournalTransportmetrica A: Transport Science
Issue number4
Early online date29 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Microtransit
  • on-demand mobility
  • stable matching
  • assignment game

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