Assessing Equity in Carsharing Systems: the case of Munich, Germany

Giulio Giorgione, Francesco Viti

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This paper shows an application of a multi-agent transport simulation to evaluate equity effects of the introduction of a carsharing system. Using vehicles, members, and planning data of Oply, a carsharing service that operated in Munich until March 2020, we analyze the evolution of the distribution of costs and benefits among the inhabitants of this city. By explicitly introducing the income as an active part of the utility calculation we evaluate how offering a new mode of transport impacts the score of the agents. Two scenarios are employed to assess equity in economic terms and accessibility terms. Two different outcomes are expected: firstly, as a high pricing service, carsharing will favor high-income agents, thus skewing benefits towards them; secondly, we show that the granularity of this agent-based simulator makes it a handy tool when conducting policy evaluations on the introduction of a carsharing system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-671
JournalTransportation Research Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 11 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event24th Euro Working Group on Transportation Meeting, EWGT 2021 - Aveiro, Portugal
Duration: 8 Sep 202110 Sep 2021
Conference number: 24


  • Carsharing
  • MATSim
  • agent-based modelling
  • Equity

Cite this