Long-Term Effects of Hiring Subsidies for Unemployed Youths - Beware of Spillovers

Andrea Albanese, Bart Cockx , Muriel Dejemeppe

Research output: Working paper

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We use (donut) regression discontinuity design and difference-in-differences estimators to estimate the impact of a one-shot hiring subsidy targeted at low-educated unemployed youths during the Great Recession recovery in Belgium. The subsidy increases job-finding in the private sector by 10 percentage points within one year of unemployment. Six years later, high school graduates accumulated 2.8 quarters more private employment. However, because they substitute private for public and self-employment, overall employment does not increase but is still better paid. For high school dropouts, no persistent gains emerge. Moreover, the neighboring attraction pole of Luxembourg induces a complete deadweight near the border.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEsch-sur-Alzette
Number of pages44
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameWorking papers
ISSN (Electronic)2716-7445


  • Hiring subsidies
  • spillover effects
  • youth unemployment
  • displacement
  • cross-border employment
  • regression discontinuity design
  • difference-in-differences

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