OPC LUX: Climate Policy Observatory, Luxembourg, Annual Report 2022

Andrew Ferrone, Mirjam Kosch, Enrico Benetto, Sabine Dörry, Claire Dupont, Ariane König, Jean-Pascal van Ypersele

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

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With the accumulation of extreme events in recent years, the scale and interconnectedness of impacts of climate change on individuals, organisations, and nations, can no longer be ignored, not even in Luxembourg, which usually finds itself sheltered from the storm.

In October 2021, the Government in Council nominated the members of the ‘Climate Policy Observatory’ (OPC; Observatoire de la politique climatique) which was set up in the framework of the Luxembourgish climate law3. The OPC is a scientific council currently composed of seven members with expertise in various fields of climate-related sciences. This document presents the first Annual Report of the OPC. It sets the scene by providing background information, establishes the OPC’s main principles and provides a first (cross-) sectoral assessment of Luxembourgish climate policies.
The Luxembourgish climate law sets clear targets of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 (compared to levels of 2005), and to become climate neutral (net zero emissions) by 2050 at the latest. One of the executing regulations of the law specifies the breakdown of the emissions targets set for each sector between now and 20304. The measures to reach these targets for each sector are laid out in the first integrated National Energy and Climate
Plan (Plan national intégré en matière d’énergie et de climat, PNEC)5. Each country needs to submit a progress report on the NECP every two years. The next ‘Integrated national energy and climate progress report’ is due in March 2023. The Ministries are also currently working on the draft update of the latest notified NECP that goes up to 2030 and needs to be submitted by June 2023. The OPC’s report and recommendations will provide valuable input for this draft
update. The final update of the latest notified integrated NECP is due in June 2024.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLuxembourg
PublisherObservatoire de la Politique Climatique - OPC
Commissioning bodyObservatoire de la Politique Climatique - OPC
Number of pages71
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2022


  • Climate report
  • sustainability
  • just transition
  • decarbonization
  • Luxembourg
  • community economies

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