Projets par an
Modern cities face challenges in responding to the needs of diverse groups, therefore urban space must be appropriately shaped to be as resident-friendly as possible. Particular attention needs to be paid to urban vegetation, which is an essential component of a suitable quality of life. Research to date has often relied on two-dimensional (2D) mapping of urban vegetation using remote sensing imagery and vegetation indicators, where greenery is evenly distributed regardless of the cubature. However, in reality, vegetation’s spatial and vertical structure varies, and the layers often overlap. In the current paper concerning Luxembourg City, we propose a novel 3D method exploring such indices as Vegetation 3D Density (V3DI) and Vegetation Volume to Building Volume (VV2BV). The goal of the study is to investigate the spatial relationship between the volume of vegetation and of buildings in the rapidly developing Luxembourg City. The vegetation volume was calculated using airborne laser scanning point clouds (ALS LiDAR) processed into voxels (0.5 m). The volume of the buildings was calculated based on the results of 3D ALS LiDAR point cloud modelling. Proposed spatial indices were estimated for districts, for cadastral parcels, in a cell grid of 100 m and for each building individually, using a 100 m buffer. We found that in 2019, urban forests covered 1689 ha of Luxembourg City, accounting for 33 per cent of the entire administrative area. The 3D GIS analyses show that the total volume of vegetation (> 1.0 m above ground) was about 40 million m3, equating to 328 m3 of greenery per resident. The V3DI produced a value of 0.77 m3/m2. The overall VV2BV(%) index calculated for Luxembourg was 41.6 per cent. Only five districts of Luxembourg were characterized by a high value for the VV2BV index, which indicates areas with a high level of green infrastructure to contribute to health and a better quality of life.