How do parents care together? Dyadic parental leave take-up strategies, wages and workplace characteristics

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The article explores the association between within-household couples’ parental leave take-up strategies and parents’ earning capacity (hourly wages) and their workplace characteristics. The results, based on the social security register data from Luxembourg, reveal that a couple strategy where both partners take parental leave is more likely when the partners have equal earning capacity, when the mother works in the sector of education, health and social services rather than in other sectors, and when the father is employed in a larger-sized company. Couples where the mother earns more than the father are more likely to opt for a strategy where neither parent takes any leave. The economic sector moderates the effect of fathers’ wages on the probability of choosing the strategy where both partners take leave.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWork, Employment and Society
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

FNR CORE 2016 C16/SC/11324101/ PARENT - Evaluation of parental leave in Luxembourg, focus on couples’ strategies and the role of workplace characteristics supported by the Luxembourg National Research Fund (FNR)


  • parental leave take-up
  • earning potential
  • intra-household couple strategies
  • workplace characteristics

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